How to save?
Adopt bicycles or public transport to reduce vehicle use.
Reduce the use of paper.
Switch off electrical appliances when not needed.
Do not throw away waste.
Use plastic with minimal recyclable materials.
Eighty percent of the world’s forests have already been destroyed. The World Wide Life Fund estimates that one hectare of forest is being destroyed every second. Since 2016, 2.8 crore hectares of forest have been destroyed every year. Every day, 137 species of plants, animals, and insects disappear from the face of the earth due to deforestation.
- Climate change
Global warming is one of the major causes of climate change. The Paris climate summit found that global temperatures were rising by more than 2.7 degrees Celsius due to uncontrolled carbon emissions. Further rising could have serious consequences, including the melting of glaciers in the Arctic-Antarctic region.
- Rising sea level
The sea level is rising at a rate of 3.3 milliliters per year. According to a report by the Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), sea levels could rise by 18 cm to 59 cm by the end of this century. With this, 200 crore people will have to evacuate from the submerged population center by 2100.
- Water pollution
Although 70% is covered by water, only 3% is freshwater. Of that, we got only 0.33 percent. According to the United Nations, the demand for freshwater will increase by 40 percent by 2030. Pollution of water sources and excessive use of groundwater will turn the land into a desert.
- Population growth
The UN estimates that the world population will increase from 767 billion to 980 billion by 2050. Report. But one in seven people in the world is hungry. As part of population growth, 80 million people have to be fed every year.
- Air pollution
According to the World Health Organization, 92% of the world’s population lives in areas with high levels of air pollution. 800 people die every hour and 13 people die every minute from breathing polluted air. Air pollution also contributes to climate change.
- Plastic waste
830 crore plastic waste has been generated on earth since 1950. Of this, only 9% was renewable. The 12 percent burn also caused air pollution. The remaining 79% remains undissolved in the soil.
- Acid rain
Atmospheric carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide are dissolved in rainwater and the water becomes acidic. As air pollution increases, so does the quality of the acid. Acid rain can adversely affect soil fertility and organisms.
- Rupture of the ozone layer
Ozone is a layer that protects the earth by blocking ultraviolet rays from the sun. If chlorofluorocarbons emitted from electronic devices continue to rupture in the ozone layer, the Earth will be devastated.
- Carbon waste
About 70 million tons of carbon dioxide are emitted into the Earth’s annually. By 2030, Co2 emissions will reach 540 ppm (parts per million). The result will be global warming.